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by John Ruggero
23 May 2019, 15:43
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Slurs
Replies: 1
Views: 42

Beethoven Slurs

Modern editors and engravers seem united in their hatred of two slurs joining on a single note and often combine them into one. Both original editions have the following slurring In the third movement of Beethoven's Sonata op. 31 no 3: op 31 no 3 mov 3 ex .jpeg With the first six chords, Beethoven i...
by John Ruggero
21 May 2019, 15:55
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Stems 3
Replies: 3
Views: 88

Re: Beethoven Stems 3

What is the notational purpose of the double-stemmed first sixteenth note of the left-hand groupings? As a great improvisor, Beethoven experimented with all kind of interesting piano textures and accompaniment patterns. Some of these experiments appear in his sketchbooks. This movement may be one o...
by John Ruggero
20 May 2019, 18:09
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Stems 3
Replies: 3
Views: 88

Beethoven Stems 3

There are other interesting cases of stem direction in the third movement of Beethoven's Sonata op. 31 no. 2. The opening theme occurs three times with variations in stem direction. At the beginning, all the right hand stems (but the last marked *) are up. This keeps a consistent stem direction, par...
by John Ruggero
18 May 2019, 00:25
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Beams 1
Replies: 2
Views: 85

Re: Beethoven Beams 1

Throughout much of the perpetual motion third movement, Beethoven beams (and slurs) a three-sixteenth motive to act as an up-beat leading melodically and rhythmically into the next down-beat in an iambic pattern. op 31 no 2 mov 3 ex 1.jpeg Then, shortly before the Recapitulation, he changes both the...
by John Ruggero
17 May 2019, 22:48
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Beams 1
Replies: 2
Views: 85

Re: Beethoven Beams 1

Later engravers have beamed the motive in fours, which suggests a more flowing performance of the slurred-pair motive than the highly abrupt and agitated style Beethoven probably intended.
op 31 no 2 mov 1 ex 3.jpeg
op 31 no 2 mov 1 ex 3.jpeg (67.81 KiB) Viewed 72 times
by John Ruggero
17 May 2019, 22:40
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Beams 1
Replies: 2
Views: 85

Beethoven Beams 1

Engraving from Beethoven's first editions yields constant surprises and revelations. In the Sonata op. 31 no. 2, later engravers have made two unfortunate alterations in beaming. In the first movement, Beethoven carefully distinguished an important slurred-pair eighth-note motive by beaming it in tw...
by John Ruggero
15 May 2019, 20:28
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Stems
Replies: 18
Views: 597

Re: Beethoven Stems

Here is an extraordinary example of sensitive stem direction from the second movement of op. 31 no. 2 as it appears in Nägeli's first edition: op 31 no 2 mov 2 ex 2.jpeg The lone up stem for the D in m. 2 of the example clarifies the movement of the melody E :f -D-G-F-A-B :f . There was a danger tha...
by John Ruggero
15 May 2019, 14:21
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Stems
Replies: 18
Views: 597

Re: Beethoven Stems

Here is an interesting illustration of "inner" slurring from the second movement of Beethoven's op. 31 no. 2: op 31 no 2 mov 2 ex.jpeg In ms. 2 and 3 of the example, the right hand lower voice suddenly moves from being a harmonic filler to an important counter-line. The slurs point out the two short...
by John Ruggero
14 May 2019, 00:03
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Stems
Replies: 18
Views: 597

Re: Beethoven Stems

You ask a very interesting question, Schonbergian, and something that has struck me forcefully in dealing with Beethoven's sonatas in the manuscripts and the first editions. Thus far (I am up to op. 31 no. 2), Beethoven's places slurs on the note head side even when there are multiple voices on one ...
by John Ruggero
13 May 2019, 15:59
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Stems
Replies: 18
Views: 597

Re: Beethoven Stems

Getting a fresh viewpoint is always helpful, Florian, and i considered your suggestions very seriously. However, I do like my current sizes for expressions and measure numbers and will stick with them. Reasons: I don't want the expressions to stand out too much or create crowding issues (which can b...