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by John Ruggero
18 May 2019, 00:25
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Beams 1
Replies: 2
Views: 51

Re: Beethoven Beams 1

Throughout much of the perpetual motion third movement, Beethoven beams (and slurs) a three-sixteenth motive to act as an up-beat leading melodically and rhythmically into the next down-beat in an iambic pattern. op 31 no 2 mov 3 ex 1.jpeg Then, shortly before the Recapitulation, he changes both the...
by John Ruggero
17 May 2019, 22:48
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Beams 1
Replies: 2
Views: 51

Re: Beethoven Beams 1

Later engravers have beamed the motive in fours, which suggests a more flowing performance of the slurred-pair motive than the highly abrupt and agitated style Beethoven probably intended.
op 31 no 2 mov 1 ex 3.jpeg
op 31 no 2 mov 1 ex 3.jpeg (67.81 KiB) Viewed 38 times
by John Ruggero
17 May 2019, 22:40
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Beams 1
Replies: 2
Views: 51

Beethoven Beams 1

Engraving from Beethoven's first editions yields constant surprises and revelations. In the Sonata op. 31 no. 2, later engravers have made two unfortunate alterations in beaming. In the first movement, Beethoven carefully distinguished an important slurred-pair eighth-note motive by beaming it in tw...
by John Ruggero
15 May 2019, 20:28
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Stems
Replies: 18
Views: 548

Re: Beethoven Stems

Here is an extraordinary example of sensitive stem direction from the second movement of op. 31 no. 2 as it appears in Nägeli's first edition: op 31 no 2 mov 2 ex 2.jpeg The lone up stem for the D in m. 2 of the example clarifies the movement of the melody E :f -D-G-F-A-B :f . There was a danger tha...
by John Ruggero
15 May 2019, 14:21
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Stems
Replies: 18
Views: 548

Re: Beethoven Stems

Here is an interesting illustration of "inner" slurring from the second movement of Beethoven's op. 31 no. 2: op 31 no 2 mov 2 ex.jpeg In ms. 2 and 3 of the example, the right hand lower voice suddenly moves from being a harmonic filler to an important counter-line. The slurs point out the two short...
by John Ruggero
14 May 2019, 00:03
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Stems
Replies: 18
Views: 548

Re: Beethoven Stems

You ask a very interesting question, Schonbergian, and something that has struck me forcefully in dealing with Beethoven's sonatas in the manuscripts and the first editions. Thus far (I am up to op. 31 no. 2), Beethoven's places slurs on the note head side even when there are multiple voices on one ...
by John Ruggero
13 May 2019, 15:59
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Stems
Replies: 18
Views: 548

Re: Beethoven Stems

Getting a fresh viewpoint is always helpful, Florian, and i considered your suggestions very seriously. However, I do like my current sizes for expressions and measure numbers and will stick with them. Reasons: I don't want the expressions to stand out too much or create crowding issues (which can b...
by John Ruggero
11 May 2019, 13:47
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Stems
Replies: 18
Views: 548

Re: Beethoven Stems

Sorry, I misread your comment about the bar numbers, Florian. You would prefer that the expressions and bar numbers match in font and size? Possibly the bar numbers smaller than shown and the expressions larger? I will definitely consider your suggestion.
by John Ruggero
11 May 2019, 13:06
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Stems
Replies: 18
Views: 548

Re: Beethoven Stems

Thanks for your suggestions, Florian. The two fonts superimpose over each other perfectly at 12 pts. Wess designed his font to be an exact metrical equivalent for the Times New Roman. I have always used 12 pt TNR and then Wess's font and it seems right to me, because I don't like the expressions to ...
by John Ruggero
11 May 2019, 12:47
Forum: Notation Rules and Standards
Topic: Beethoven Stems
Replies: 18
Views: 548

Re: Beethoven Stems

David, the short answer is that it is another error and artifact of scanning, I would use Beethoven's notation, of course. The long answer is that this is a interesting subject, but one that I have yet to deal with seriously. Beethoven seems to prefer the dotted quarter rest; the first editions seem...